Southwestern States - Lovely Places to Call Home

The southwestern states are made up of New Mexico, Arizona, southwestern Texas, Oklahoma and the southern portion of Colorado that was settled by the Spanish. While Texas is considered by many people to be one of these states, the eastern part is more closely connected with the Southeast of the United States while northern Texas is better connected to the west and midwestern portion of the country.

Let us briefly take a look at each of these southwestern states. For our purposes here we will include Texas as part of the southwestern United States.


We begin with Arizona. The capital of Arizona is Phoenix. Arizona is a southwestern state that is often referred to as the Baby State or the Copper State. The bird of Arizona is the cactus wren and the fish is the Arizona trout. The flower is the saguaro blossom while the song for this southwestern United States is “Arizona.” The tree for the state is the paloverde. Arizona is best known for the Grand Canyon, the beautiful Sonoran Desert and its many wineries.

New Mexico

New Mexico is a southwest state that made news in 1947 when there was an alleged UFO crash in Roswell. This state is often referred to as the Land of Enchantment. The capital of New Mexico is Santa Fe and its song is “Oh Fair New Mexico.” The bird that represents this state is the roadrunner and the insect is the tarantula hawk wasp. New Mexico is a state with a colorful past and boasts many ghost towns such as the one found in Lake Valley, New Mexico. The flower for this state is the yucca flower and the tree is the pinyon.


The Lone Star State is the second most populated state in the country (California is the first and New York is the third). The capital city of this southwestern state is Austin although Houston is the largest. Texas is the second largest state as far as size goes (Alaska is the largest). Texas is home to the Alamo in San Antonio which is one of the many attractions. The state bird is the mockingbird while the insect is the monarch butterfly. The fish is the guadalupe bass and the flower is the bluebonnet. Texas produces more wool than any of the other states. Other important industries of this southwest state include oil, farming and tourism.


This southwestern state is nicknamed the Boomer State and the Sooner State. The capital city is Oklahoma City which is home to the Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum, the American Indian Culture Center and the Oklahoma City National Memorial which was dedicated to all those who lost their lives in the April 19, 1995 bombing of the Federal Building. The song for this state is “Oklahoma!” and the tree is the redbud. The bird for the state is the scissor-tailed flycatcher and the insect is the honeybee. The flower is the mistletoe and the fish for this southwestern part of the United States is the white bass.

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